Each year, a cultural theme is chosen from certain aspects of ancient Moloka’i tradition. A former cultural theme for the 1995 festival chosen was entitled “Moloka’i Pule O’O”, which translates as “Moloka’i with its Powerful Prayers”.This was an ancient saying said in fear and wonderment of the powerful prayers of the Kahuna on Moloka’i.
The educational aspects of the week of festivities prior to the main festival of that year centered on Kahuna traditions of ancient Moloka’i.
Each year, lectures are given by Halau Hula O Kukunaokala at Kulana’oiwi at the open Halau during the week prior to the main event. Each lecture is different and centers on the cultural theme for that year.
To further enhance the cultural quality of the festival, a cultural site is also chosen. The chosen site coincides with the cultural theme for that year. During the on-site excursion, historical mo’olelo of ancient Moloka’i are told. The on-site excursion is also free and open to the public.
The Halau designs a special festival T-shirt each year, which centers on the cultural theme. Ka Hula Piko t-shirt designs are also utilized as cultural, teaching tools.
Many traditional, pre-western Moloka’i kapa-patterns and geometric designs have been implemented to enhance the cultural quality of the shirts. A card explaining the mo’olelo and cultural meaning of the design accompanies each t-shirt.
Three days of festivities are culminated by a grand Ho’olaule’a (celebration) with music groups from throughout Hawai’i, hula, food and craft booths. The food and craft people are venders who live on the island of Moloka’i adding to the festival a unique Moloka’i homegrown Hawaiian atmosphere.